Sections Of A Research Paper

In research paper writing, you must get the order of arrangement right. No matter how amazing and thorough your research is, the documentation is equally crucial. An excellent report that isn’t well-written scores no point.

A research paper starts with a general idea about a topic. As you proceed, you become more specific as you attempt to solve the research problem. You also switch back to general information as you relate your solution with the world.

Generally, superior papers have similar underlying structures. Though, it is a reality that some disciplines emphasize some parts above others.

The same structure is followed for all papers, which are;

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Result
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References

Introduction

Most scholars start their paper with the introduction. The introduction sets the stage for the research paper and communicates the purpose of the paper. Some students write the introduction after writing other parts of the paper. Any approach can do the job provided the student has a good structure.

A well-written introduction comprises of three different parts. These includes:

1. General Presentation

This part of the introduction considers the benefits of the research. It can also explain why the problem still lingers. You can also highlight some actions or inactions from other researchers on the topic.

2. Purpose of the Research Paper

This part of the introduction features the problem you want to address. Some scholars prefer writing the thesis statement in this part. It is not wrong.

3. The Writer’s Statement of Intent

The writer supplies a concise detail about his intention for embarking on the research. You can also add some vital information you got from your research here. You can also state your research problem and a quick summary of the discussion.

Methodology

This section explains the experimental design and methods used. Methodology varies with different fields, so you’ve to use the one peculiar for your field. For instance, the methodology used by Social Sciences is different from Physical Sciences.

Ensure your experiment can be replicated. If you administered a questionnaire, you could attach it to the appendix.

Results

This part gives details about the results of your experiments. It involves numerical results (for quantitative research), while trends and patterns are recorded in qualitative research.

When lots of values are involved, tables and graphs are introduced. With the introduction of charts and graphs, your raw data should be in the appendix. You can also add a concise explanation of your analyzed figures.

Discussion

This section allows you to explain your findings. You can also add your thoughts here. Your discussion should also connect to your introduction. Ensure that the information provided in your study is related to your thesis statement.

Conclusion

In your conclusion, you discuss your findings more. You also relate your work with the work of other researchers. You should also consider the impact of the research on the world. You can also discuss areas where improvement can be made in further study.

References

This section shows the sources you consulted or quoted. This part is essential for academic work. Ensure you use the recommended formatting style for your field. You can use the APA, MLA, or anyone recommended for you.

Conclusion

For research work to benefit others, it must be appropriately presented. With the guidelines that we have provided above, you will find it easy to write a good research paper.

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